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Showing 3 results for Mortezaei

Shafagh Tavakoli, Shahriar Nasekhian, Mahbobeh Mortezaei,
year 2, Issue 5 (12-2018)
Abstract

Abstract
In architecture a native of Iran is one of the principles of designing urban spaces people heir. Iranian architect has always been the human needs and demands into consideration. The architect of the past based on the desired climate space architecture in order to provide the human comfort design. Climatic conditions, along with other environmental factors, including the most important factors in the formation of the urban tissue. According to the characteristics of the architecture of the hot and dry climate of the burning sun of Iran and high thermal grade set, one of the last in the direction of the architect prolegomena ghosting in designed and produced Gzarha, awning. The awning are enable in the alley and Gzarha, which is part of Ford’s baths and climatic elements as well as the optimum biological requirements, in addition to making in retrofitting buildings of both sides of the Gzarha role. Unfortunately, nowadays in Iranian architecture, awning, to have been forgotten and the urban tissue of the awning or totally destroyed or have been to have been abandoned. With the recognition and evaluation of the architectural had knowledge of the geometry of the design knowledge can be structural elements of the ‘ climate-and once again, and also can be found in contemporary design and the urban tissue of the upcoming hot and dry climate of these special elements of the template. Between the geometry and the architecture of Yazd Fahadan quarter awnings body, and there is significant direct relationship. Based on the literature reviewed thus far, little research on the subject of the typology of Iranian awning and reviews of this climatic elements-from the perspective of structural knowledge of geometry.
Keywords: Indigenous Architecture of Iran, Geometry and Proportions, Consecutive Awning, the Yazd Fahadan Quarter.

Introduction
More research on the concept of the awning as the climatic element, check its stability in the amount of Gzarha and typology in the cities of Isfahan, Yazd, Kermanshah and because Shushtar. This document first geometric features of the architecture of the neighborhood, Yazd Fahadan awnings case is assessed. In the present study research methodology in terms of the objective applied-and in terms of the fundamental, method, method of inductive reasoning. The data field of a library, and on the left-hand tyranny. As well as the method of the analysis of qualitative data, quantitative methods-. After the library studies about the awning and its species, the hot and dry climate, awning, city of Yazd. Given that the neighborhood is one of the valuable historical neighborhoods Fahadan city of Yazd and had the original on the awning has chosen this neighborhood Neighborhood and 25 examples of this continuous awnings precious historic texture of the randomly selected, shooting data and to invoke the method of inductive analysis of the entire case apart. In this study, 256 Motalah sample random item selection and expressed. Between the geometry and the architecture of Yazd Fahadan quarter awnings body, and there is significant direct relationship. Based on the literature reviewed thus far, little research on the subject of the typology of Iranian awning and reviews of this climatic elements-from the perspective of structural knowledge of geometry.

Research Findings
This article focuses on the impact it has had on the geometry and shape of the neighborhood architectural desired awning case analysis. This research was completed in line with the previous research and reviews of historical proportions awning Fahadan quarter of Yazd. Based on the review conducted, became apparent between the geometry as a factor influencing the Fahadan quarter of Yazd awning architecture machines. The awning case study in terms of the geometry of the plan and the facade proportions and comply with the Iranian. The planning rectangular Fahadan quarter of Yazd awning is complete to the ratio of 1.73 and the ratio of that follow. This was evident in the analysis of the maximum number of the awning case reviews in terms of placement location in the middle of the pass. The largest number of covering arch with arch, and most of these Mazh awning in the direction North-South geographic have been drawn. As mentioned, an important element of the native architecture awning and climate are considered that Iran nowadays knowledge making it to oblivion. With this special climatic elements can be revived by the ancient native patterns as well as in the construction of the urban tissue and forming of new concepts that are of interest. In this study, the historical neighborhood of awning plan and valuable knowledge from the perspective of Yazd Sahadan geometry and rectangular proportions of Persia were analyzed. In future research can be found other than to work in Iran and other Persian architecture in the structure and architecture of the climatic elements-structural (awning) about the investigation. This test also can be used for other cities and places of historical texture of Yazd.

Conclusion
As mentioned, an important element of the native architecture awning and climate are considered that Iran nowadays knowledge making it to oblivion. With this special climatic elements can be revived by the ancient native patterns as well as in the construction of the urban tissue and forming of new concepts that are of interest. In this study, the historical neighborhood of awning plan and valuable knowledge from the perspective of Yazd Sahadan geometry and rectangular proportions of Persia were analyzed. In future research can be found other than to work in Iran and other Persian architecture in the structure and architecture of the climatic elements-structural (awning) about the investigation. This test also can be used for other cities and places of historical texture of Yazd.

Zahra Pourshabanian, Mohammad Mortezaei, Hayedeh Khamseh,
year 2, Issue 5 (12-2018)
Abstract

Abstract
Hamadan great mosque, the oldest mosque in the old urban context, is located between the city market and the central square. This prominent mosque belongs to the early Islamic centuries, which has been rebuilt during various periods, especially the Safavid and Qajar periods, but isn’t remains of the ancient structure of the mosque, and the current structure belongs to the Qajar period. Despite the general features of this work, the shape of the mosque building has a great impact on bringing the building in line with the climate. Now the question arises to what extent has the region’s climate been able to influence the process of mosque formation?  And to what extent does climate modeling ensure the durability of the mosque’s structure? Based on the above questions, the purpose of the present study is to introduce and analyze architecture of great mosque by using descriptive-analytical method and relying on study resources and field studies to provide answers to the questions raised. The result of such a study can be seen in influencing the architectural features of the mosque from the region’s climate; this work, in addition to its religious function, the location of the mosque and its location along the main market of the city, has led the mosque to play an important role. According to the architectural structure of the mosque, the major developments in the building are related to the Qajar and contemporary periods; the structure of the columns of the nave of the mosque, It has a dome, minaret and sangab, and is the only example of a dome mosque of historical value in the urban context of Hamadan.
Keyword: Hamedan, Great Mosque, Architecture, Climate.

Introduction
Hamadan great mosque has always been one of the most important historical, architectural and archeological studies in Hamadan. About change, development and restoration carried out in the Mosque of historical, geographical and social remained critical of the Islamic period. Which can sometimes be compared with evidence in the current structure of the mosque, and sometimes little archaeological evidence suggests that parts of the building existed in the past. As it comes from historical sources, the core of the structure of the Hamadan mosque dates back to the Early Islamic period, which has been repaired and added to over the course of the following centuries (Hojbari, 2006). In addition to the religious function, the location of the mosque and its location along the main market of the city have led the great to play an important role in shaping the design and layout of the city (Mehriar et al., 1999: 54). Due to the architectural structure of the mosque, the major developments in the building are related to the Qajar and contemporary periods. The structure of the mosque is subordinate to the pillar-shaped hall, has a dome, a goldsmith and a Sangab, and is the only example of a dome mosque in the urban context of Hamadan. Structural features and climatic principles governing the structure of the mosque led the author to fully describe the architectural structure of the mosque of Hamedan in a descriptive-analytical way.  Undoubtedly, this method of analysis can greatly eliminate the gaps in the study of structural, decorative, and climate change in the structure of the mosque. Based on the aforementioned approach and based on geographical, historical and architectural texts, a comprehensive and complete analysis of the mosque’s location and its architectural and structural analysis is obtained. Therefore, in this study raised the following questions: What extent the climate of the region has been able to influence the process of mosque formation? And to what extent does climate modeling ensure the durability of the mosque’s structure? 
 
Great Mosque
The square-rectangular square-plan mosque is incomplete, with a rectangular courtyard spanning three porches in the South, East and North, several bedrooms, a brick-covered dome, a dome, six minarets and several chambers.  The building under consideration from the perspective of construction and architecture from several different and interrelated parts such: Entrance, Vestibule, Courtyard, Ivan, Chambers, and the hall is formed around. The main entrance of the mosque has been West and market in the past, but with the creation of new buildings and a new entrance on the North side of “Ekbatan Street” the main entrance has been moved to this direction. The old mosque entrance to the market can be accessed through a vestibule to various parts of the mosque. Another entrance to the mosque is on the Southeast side of the market through a corridor. The courtyard of the mosque has a large pond in the middle, porches, chambers and halls around, the courtyard is about 2 meters below the adjacent alleys. The South porch of the courtyard has two shallow arches that have two short and thick minarets on top of this porch. Behind the porch is the dome space of the mosque, which, along with the porch, forms the core of the old mosque, with an altar built on the South side. The dome is of two-shell type and is of architectural suitability; the dome leads to the columned bed sheets through the side porches; on the West side of the dome is a mosque with proportional stone columns that access the courtyard and dome through the entrances. On the West side of the courtyard and adjacent to the aforementioned nightclub is another columned hall, opposite the South porch and on the other side of the porch aisle and bed sheets in a new way with flat cover built on top of the middle porch of the two minarets, which is an extension of the recent period, the porch overlooking the new mosque on Ekbatan Street also has two minarets (Molazadeh and Mohammadi, 2000: 243-244).  

Conclusion
Designers of Hamedan great Mosque have applied techniques to adapt to the climatic conditions of the cold foothills, a major problem in these areas is winter cold. Therefore preventing heat dissipation in different parts of the building is a top priority for designers (Tahebaz and Jalilian, 2011: 63). The plan of the mosque is a square-rectangular mosque that is integrated with the surrounding area and the mosque building is adjacent to the adjacent buildings, which also helps maintain the heat inside the mosque as well as the adjacent buildings (Pourshabanian, 1397: 67). The mosque has a central courtyard with a low infrastructure compared to the entire mosque. Part of the body of the mosque is submerged in the ground due to the lower level of its adjacent street texture, leading to greater vulnerability of various parts of the building to moisture(Ibid: 47-48). And besides the beauty of the building materials, it is also damaged (Ibrahimzadeh, 2015, 2: 796).  

Mohammad Mortezaei, Salman Anjomrouz, Mohammadreza Mohammadi Moghadam,
year 4, Issue 12 (8-2020)
Abstract



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