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Showing 1 results for Northeast Area

Mohamad Ebrahim Zarei, Mahnaz Sharifi,
year 2, Issue 6 (3-2019)

Amir Sharlogh located in Hossein Abbad in northeastern of the Semnan province. Amir Sharlogh area at an altitude of 1379 meters above sea level located in the North eastern part of Miami and 210 kilometers distance from the Shahroud. This area is restricted Golestan forest from the north, Jajarm area in Khorasan province from the east, Minoodasht town in Golestan province from the west and eastern Kalate part of the Miami from the south. Big east Khorasan road that would connect the east world to west is located on this highway. evidence from several ancient hills indicated that this area was on the part of business and economic way road to Gorgan and Khorasan and connected 3 provinces of Semnan, Golestan and Khorasan together. There are several ancient hills in region, one of which is Tepe Amir Sharlogh was being explored. In addition of salvage excavation project was defined for instruction of dam Kalpoush, the importance of the hill is related to being a suitable reign for detection and study of the cultural status. Compared to the other regions, Northeast of Iran has not received as much attention in the history of Archeological studies despite, decent Geographical condition and critical geopolitical location, it has been a home to huge human settlements from the prehistoric period up till now.
Keywords: Northeast Area, Amir Sharlogh, Shahroud, Saljughid Period.

In order to identify zone settlement and cultural sequences the Archaeological excavation take starts after primary studying, survey and approving boundaries. Field works contains 7 trenches which is covered 700m² area. At -450m virgin land level was reached. The find evidence such as Archaeological remains and different layers’ shells (up to dawn) and also the signs at surface section refer to Islamic period which is involved one period and two short phases. Archaeological diffusion and no fluency status show the migrating usage of the site at related time. Large amount of kitchen pottery, various fireplaces and ovens all show that the place was an immigration one.
According to similar historical data in all I to VII trenches at -450m depth and documentation of tangible and intangible finds, the excavation was stopped at this location and we change do the excavation at north and north west of upper trace which was called Amir Shalegh and covered nine 5×5 norths-south trenches. It results to discover a historical cemetery with 20 grave that was related to Saljughid and Ilkhanid era.
The Archaeological excavation of Kalpoush dam site contains wide information of cultural status, life and Economical situation at this area. It’s also importance in view of its serious role of formation and developing of immigration. At this paper the several find and results of Archaeological excavation will be discussed. 

The environment and the geography of the region: Being 515,985 km2 in size, Semnan province is located on the way of Silk Way – one the ancient Iranian heritages. Being surrounded by Alborz Mountains on the north and Kavir Namak which was once a home to a rich civilization, it has a special geographical position and several climate conditions. Semnan province is located on the south (central - east) slopes of Alborz highlands and the north side of big Kavir and therefore, from a geological point of view, belongs to two ground structures of (central) Alborz and central Iran. In the north of Semnan, “Semnan fault” is known as the border between Alborz and central Iran. The northern stripe of Semnan province (the road connecting Garmsar- Semnan-Damqan-Shahroud) is part of the southern slope of Alborz having a high and coarse morphology and is usually referred to as the central-eastern Alborz. In general, Neishabour plain is a road heading towards west, from Afghanistan to Shahroud, and is a part of The Great Khorasan. The evdince found on the way in the ancient regions such as azure, alabaster, and turquoise show that the east-west road from Khorasan to Damghan was always paid considerable attention to since 4000 AD to the Parthian and the Sasanid and then to the Islamic era (Hiebert & Dyson, 2002: 116). The eastern Iran is made up of mountain borders and barricades, misshaped valleys and huge spaces of deserts (Fisher 1986). Khorasan region is surrounded by Gorgan and the Atrak River on the northwest, and by Kopet Dagh mountains I the north and northeast. The northern border of Khorasan and the Iranian plateau is surrounded by mountains and is formed by the Atrak River and Mashhad plain, Hezar Masjid Mountain, the border of Kopet Dagh and the south chain including Binaloud and Shah Jahan mountains. The valleys located between the two mountains and the southern parts of Kopet Dagh are 1000 meters higher than the regions in the north of Kopet Dagh (Hiebert & Dyson, 2002: 115; Eduljee, 2007: 9).

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فصلنامه مطالعات باستان شناسی پارسه Parseh Journal of Archaeological Studies
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