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:: year 2, Issue 5 (12-2018) ::
Parseh J Archaeol Stud 2018, 2(5): 65-76 Back to browse issues page
The Study of Necked Incense as the First Instruments of Music Multiplicative
Moustafa Bagherzadeh Chaleshtari
B. S. Music and M.A. Archaeology Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Banch. , mostafa.bagherzadeh54@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5760 Views)
Abstract
The first spark of music in the human mind began with hearing the sound of nature, and it has probably been accompanied by dancing and singing. These acts have been performed at ceremonies, prayers, and perhaps celebrations of the product’s gathering, gradually uniforming they have been creating rhythmic movements, multiplication, and rhythm. They could by playing hand together and body, knocking two sticks together and hitting two hollow logs and any other object get the sound out. They came slowly to assonance and believed that these sounds had magical effects. There are also legends about the emergence of music in different ethnic groups that have been quoted for many years. Among the Lear instrument mad white Apollo casings or back turtle bowls cut by Hemes or the goddess of the sun, and even the Emperor’s chains command, Hakong T is to invent music and imitate the sound of birds with the instrument music. The focus of this research is necked incense, whose works can be found in the art of ancient Ilam and Mesopotamia. The main purpose of this study also focuses on the study and analysis musical instrumentation, its types and methods of construction, and has attempted to explain the necked incense in a field method and library. Also about the turtle found in archaeological excavation, especially in the tombs, and the main trunk of these instruments, in this research has been studied. Two types of necked incense instruments including Melodic structure and Harmonic necked incense were investigated from the author’s point of view, that these instrument are show the evolving music instruments in the present age. The instruments of Tar, Setar, Tanbour, and other instruments are music multiplicative.
Keywords: Ilam Music, Necked Incense, Turtle of Tortoise, Wooden Bowl.

Introduction
With the advent of urbanization in the fourth millennium BC and the arrival of a number of people in specialized human development work, a great change took place and the basis of society was divided into various sectors most importantly the creation of a house of worship and a state base and above all market creation has continued to his day other division in human social, political and economic an affairs have been made more detailed. During that time some people started to build instrument and music in general, which may be said to be one of the earliest countries to enter the urban period and probably the oldest instruments in Iran. The instrument that we can say was the beeps. The earliest specimen of this type of beep is from the millennium BC and was found in the Shahdad Hill on the Lut plain in Eastern Kerman. Among the discovered objects is a beep 29 mm long with a span of 63 mm and a pipe span of 10 mm. In the middle of the tube of this beep, there is a human head on both sides of the tube, which can be said to be a combination of the human larynx and lip. The second finding of the beep species is in Hesar Damghan hill. The enclosure has three floors and at the newest level has three layers A, B, C, and three beep damaged by ground pressure, all three of which were taken from the third layer. They are made of the silver. This layer of IIIC of history have about 1800 to 2200 BC.

Research Finding
One of the boxes is keeping in Tehran and two others at the university of Philadelphia in addition to these three  beep another pottery  beep was found in the revision drilling in year 1976. The diameter of the blower tube is 32 mm and its height is 430 mm and its span is about 200 mm. In Chaghamish his seal impression has been found which depicts a group dating back to the fourth millennium BC. In this scene, in addition to role of harpist, there is a singer an instrument skin player and a person perform. In Iran, there are various forms of snick instruments such as timpani, Senj double drums, large drums, castanets and other musical instruments that we see through the seal impression and figurines. The most important findings is a type of lute instrument to be more precise, the mother of all instruments including: Tar, Setar, Doutar, Tanbour, and similar instruments. The Lut plays an important role in shaping them, it needs to be examined more closely in Archaeological excavations. Two types of necked incense instruments including Melodic structure and Harmonic necked incense were investigated from the author’s point of view, that these instrument are show the evolving music instruments in the present age. The instruments of Tar, Setar, Tanbour, and other instruments are music multiplicative.

Conclusion 
The traces of musical instruments in ancient Iran are unique to the small muddy sculptures statue of Luteinst musicians. Befor Achaemenid period, in the third and second millenniums BC, traces of wind instruments called beeps have been found in Shahdad and hill Hesar. But wood_ made musical instruments such as the turtle neck lute, which were usually resource bowls or baxes. These are used to break down wood or organic matter such as the intestines as warp, curtains, and Dastgah. But Eichmann has reported that a cauliflower has been found in healthy Egypt and respected masters of archaeology say that the organic matter is likely to survive in very wet or dry environments, and the Egyptian specimen may be in this condition. Two types of necked incense instruments including Melodic structure and Harmonic necked incense were investigated from the author’s point of view, that these instrument are show the evolving music instruments in the present age.  
Keywords: Ilam Music, Necked Incense, Turtle of Tortoise, Wooden Bowl.
Full-Text [PDF 1638 kb]   (1672 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special Archeology
Received: 2019/02/13 | Accepted: 2019/02/13 | Published: 2019/02/13
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Bagherzadeh Chaleshtari M. The Study of Necked Incense as the First Instruments of Music Multiplicative. Parseh J Archaeol Stud. 2018; 2 (5) :65-76
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