Volume 43, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)  

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Abstract (581 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ This present study uses library documents and descriptive-analytical research methods to explain the physical proportions in historic baths located in hot and dry or cold and mountainous areas. It analyzes the proportions formed under the influence of climatic conditions in them. As a result, similar proportions can be seen in the body of baths located in the same climate.



Abstract (541 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ Troglodytic architecture is a specific type of architecture as it does not use free materials. In recent years, earth-sheltered architecture, also known as troglodytic architecture, has received considerable attention as some of its unknown aspects are under investigation. In this connection, Shavadans in Dezful, which serve as underground cellars, are attracting the attention of researchers as unique types of residential troglodytic architecture. No research has ever independently examined this typological approach to architecture.



Abstract (559 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ The purpose of the present study is to identify the fortifications of Roustagh Baladshapour to determine the geographical scope of the area and its historical significance. According to the geographical and historical sources of the early and middle Islamic centuries, Beladshapour Roustagh, with the center of the city of Joumeh is located in the northern part of Arjan Koureh, with its location in the Idank area of Kohgilouyeh. Despite the fact that these texts refer to climatic conditions and several mountainous fortresses in the area, the borders of this Roustagh have not been specified in historical texts and maps.



Abstract (568 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ The Nasserid and Pahlavi governments exercised power in "urban memory" by establishing memory organizations, carrying out memory programs, and inventing traditions. On the other hand, the cultural policy of the Nasserid and Pahlavi governments have dominated the "Modernization" styles in Iranian painting, urban planning, architecture, and urban sculpture.



Abstract (491 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ With the hypothesis that Ferdowsi Shahnameh and Iranian architecture pursued common goals as two cultural manifestations, the present article tries to analyze the architectural words in Shahnameh and search for epic features in the architectural works and explore the commonalities of these two cultural manifestations.



Abstract (535 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ Vakil Mosque of Shiraz is known as the most significant religious building of the Zandieh period in Iran's history of Islamic art and architecture. It is one of the most beautiful and fortified mosques built in Iran after the Safavid period. This mosque, which has been renovated many times during its history, can be considered an example of this period's architectural history in terms of architectural and decorative features.



Abstract (515 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ Yazd, since it has fewer ups and downs and social ups and downs, architecture in a calm bed has continued in a quiet context. Security concerns and relative calm during the Middle Ages and the digging of numerous aqueducts have paved the way for the emergence of gardens in Yazd city. Therefore, due to the extensive use of gardens in the historical texts of Yazd and the lack of research on the medieval gardens of Yazd, this article addresses this issue. This article aims to study the characteristics of the mentioned gardens in the historical text and the components of these gardens.



Abstract (535 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ Qajar era is the period of fundamental changes and the introduction of new urban concepts. Squares, a type of urban space, were the subject of some of these changes. This article focuses on four main Qajar capital squares (Mashgh, Arg, Toupkhaneh, Sabzi-meidan) in their urban context around the royal citadel.



Abstract (588 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ No archaeological excavations have yet been carried out in the old district of the city of Birjand, the capital of South Khorasan province, albeit of its valuable historic district. Therefore, its formation and development throughout history are not clearly known. Studying historical sources and texts, which are limited, and using the historical evidence and monuments and the city borders, the formation and growth of Birjand could be understood.



Abstract (559 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ Naghsh-e Jahan Square was built during the Safavid period as a prominent government architecture complex in Isfahan. Naghsh-e Jahan Square consists of four specific buildings, each of which has a separate function. The Sheikh Lotfollah building is the third monument built in chronological order. This monument is located on the east side of the square, opposite the Aali Qapo Palace. Transformation of the  this building's form and its adjacent buildings over time  makesit difficult to understand the original function of the building. In this paper, we analyze all the existing descriptive documents of the time of Sheikh Lotfollah's construction for the first time.



Abstract (546 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ In center of Iran, moisture has been a serious problem regarding historic buildings, especially when most of them were built using adobe. Traditional architects have designed fantastic elements like Nakesh to control and eliminate moisture. Aiming to document as well as conserve and re-use of an original conservation technique, the present article asks these questions: What is Nakesh in the Historic Buildings in hot and arid areas in center of Iran



Abstract (543 Views) چکیده  |     |   Highlights

✅ The study of subsistence economics is an approach that uses the biological remains of humans, animals, and plants and the use of various sciences to reconstruct the economy and food system of different ancient human societies. This article studies the livelihood and economic system of the cultural sphere of northern Iran during the Iron Age, which ranged from the second half of the millennium to the first half of the millennium BC, examining the cultural-economic structure, the most important indicator of which is how the social interaction in the framework of the living system with the ecology of the study area (Savad Kuh) based on archaeological findings. The primary purpose of this study is to explain the livelihood costs and economy of Lefour Iron Age Cemetery.




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