Volume 42, Issue 2 (Summer 2021)  

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Abstract (822 Views) | چکیده  |   Full-Text (PDF) (24 Downloads)   |   Highlights

✅ Water transfer technology has played an essential role in forming and survival of urban centers in different periods. One of the features of this technology is the water disposal system, which has not been addressed as it should be. It seems that the Sassanids have worked hard in this regard and have shown to what extent, as an infrastructure, it has been decisive, effective, and important for other methods of water transfer.

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✅ The running intellectuals that prevailed during each age, has always influenced the architecture of that period. To understand these influences more deeply, creating a meaningful relationship between the architecture and urban planning of each period with the prevailing ideas of that period can be effective. Safavid period as one of the most brilliant periods in the history of Iran, is also not exempt from this rule. Therefore, it is worthwhile to examine the ideas that led to the flourishing of this period.

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✅ This article challenges the hypothesis of a set pattern for the garden, focusing on the Beyromabad garden in Kerman. Beyromabad Garden is the only surviving garden from the Safavid era in Kerman. Beyram Beyg Afshar first built it during the reign of Shah Ismail.

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✅ The mural that was in the possession of the court before the 18th century by fading out of its court aspect it appeared in houses of nobles. Murals had in the historical houses two cities of Tabriz and Tokat of the Qajar and Ottoman periods  can be a good source for studying and investigating designs.

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✅ The Karbandi is one of the original elements of Iranian architecture that has been an outcome of Iranian architects' dominance on geometry and mathematics. Designing Karbandies, choosing the base is a crucial key. It has always been a question "How to easily found related Karbandies for a Specific base?" and "By what pattern are the regular bases in Karbandies repeated?'. The present study is done to answer these questions. To achieve this goal, first, all the drawable Karbandies were drawn and then the bases in them were examined and explored.

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✅ A mural is beyond painting on the wall canvas. In this process, the artist, choosing the correct concept, space application, wall location, and other features, tries to make a stable relationship between room, design, wall, and environment, and create an integrated and high-quality space. Mural has long been associated with human societies;This art peaked during the Qajar period in Iran that was the place of the confrontation between the clash of tradition and modernity. 

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