Volume 40, Issue 2 (Summer 2019)                   Athar 2019, 40(2): 88-105 | Back to browse issues page

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Assistant Professor, Iranian Center for Archaeology Research, Research Institute of Cultural Heritage & Tourism, Tehran, Iran , mhsharifi588@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (360 Views)
The study of the architecture of prehistoric societies and the study of architectural findings is important as it provides us with valuable information about the rural spaces of the societies of the fifth to third millennia BC in eastern Central Zagros. Excavations at Tepe Godin, Qishlaq and Pisa drew light on a Chalcolithic site in the high region separating the east Central Zagros and the southern Lake Urmia Basin. Though cultural interface between the two regions that was alluded to in the earlier publications, nothing was known of the existence of intermediate sites between them.
Through cultural studies of the archaeological sites, regarded as the regional key site and a major settlement from the Chalcolithic period with clear evidence of Dalma traditions, the present work attempts to illustrate the origin and development of the Dalma culture in the region and to study the evolution in the eastern Central Zagros hinterlands. Also, the cultural developments that took place in these hinterlands will be elucidated and the role of sites as a key settlement site in this regard will be determined and the trend of the economic, social and cultural changes of the site’s inhabitants over time will be explained in light of archaeological data. In this context, absolute dates of ceramics would greatly facilitate the precise identification of the strata through providing a chronology for the region. With regard to the architecture, it is interesting that the 9-meter deposit contains four architectural phases, a sequence so far unattested at any other site. The most characteristic feature of indigenous architecture is the use of plaster in coating purposes. The major adaptation concerns the formation of architectural units. The houses orient southward, while winds prevail from the west during the winter. The observations outlined above are, as stated, all typical of the eastern Central Zagros. In this article, in addition to describing the structural features of rural communities of the fifth to third millennia BC in the east of Central Zagros, attempts have been made to examine the architectural techniques resulting from archaeological excavations.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2020/05/30 | Accepted: 2020/08/22 | Published: 2020/09/22