Volume 3, Issue 3 (Fall 2020)                   Anthropol Stud 2020, 3(3): 206-227 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaei H. Anthropology of Emotions: The Social Construction of “Happiness” as a Humane Capital. Anthropol Stud. 2020; 3 (3) :206-227
URL: http://pc.richt.ir/article-4-513-en.html
Faculty Member, Department of Cultural Studies, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran , hossein.mirzaei@atu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (269 Views)

Emotions have been the focus of anthropology for a very long time. In psychological and psychoanalytical anthropology, even in the phenomenological outlooks with naturalistic attitude, affections have been considered as a universal matter. This means that emotions can definitely be released through different social and cultural elements, which causes them to have the same foundations from society to society. Considering biological bases for emotions, naturalists create concepts for collective reason and materialistic facts, in order to make them recognizable in neurological and hormonal mechanisms. But from anthropological viewpoint, emotions like happiness are considered as cultural constructions. These cultural patterns affect people in a way that they often try to work on their emotions in order to cultivate those emotions that they think they should express at a particular time and place in society. The culture semantic network that determines our emotional approaches, thoughts and behaviors, is not usually obvious enough. This network generates both facilities and limitations which cause the people to internalize a cultural coherence and unconsciously present it in their perceptions, thoughts and behaviors. The ambiguity of this semantic network creates this delusion for people that their emotions and perceptions towards different issues are individual. This ambiguity becomes clear when the cultural differences of societies are examined through a comparison mechanism. When we compare our sense of happiness with another’s sense of happiness, it becomes clear that what we perceive is not necessarily natural and can change according to socioeconomic and cultural conditions. Social, economic and cultural capitals, can also determine the happiness circumstance of a society, based on specific elements.

Full-Text [PDF 648 kb]   (52 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Intangible culture
Received: 2020/06/5 | Accepted: 2020/07/31 | Published: 2020/09/22

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