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1- Master of Iranian Architectural Studies, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , safari.l@ut.ac.ir
2- Master of Energy Architecture Studies, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (194 Views)

Due to the connection of the Islamic world with the West and entrance of Western elementsa change in mural painting art happened. The mural that was in the possession of the court before the 18th century by fading out of its court aspect it appeared in houses of nobles. Murals had in the historical houses two cities of Tabriz and Tokat of the Qajar and Ottoman periods  can be a good source for studying and investigating designs. research according to descriptive-analytical method with library studies trying to answer the questions that renovations in Qajar and Ottoman society, caused what of changes in the murals? what are the commonalities and differences between Qajar and Ottoman murals in terms of visual themes characteristics?
The present study, identifies, categorizes and compares by surveying the murals of houses in the cities of Tabrizand Tokatbased visual and written documents. The results showed that murals can be studied from two perspectives topics and methods of execution. According to the topic the themes in the murals were divided into three main categories (human-animal, nature-architectural and decorative). After investigating, it was found that images have similarities and differences in themes and techniques.
Despite the commonalities such as the nature of the image and the principles and rules the lack of mastery of the rules is clearly seen in the examples. Distinctions have been made due to the locative coordinates of Tabriz and Tokat. One of the main differences is the variety of patterns and colors, higher quality and better execution of Qajar motifs due to adherence to the principles of Iranian painting compared to Ottoman motifs. also the closeness and connection of the Ottomans with the West world, eclecticism and greater influence is the most important reason of the distinction between the murals of the Qajar and Ottoman periods.

     

✅ The mural that was in the possession of the court before the 18th century by fading out of its court aspect it appeared in houses of nobles. Murals had in the historical houses two cities of Tabriz and Tokat of the Qajar and Ottoman periods  can be a good source for studying and investigating designs.


Type of Study: Research | Subject: History of architecture and urban planning
Received: 2021/06/21 | Accepted: 2021/08/21

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