Volume 41, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   Athar 2020, 41(1): 92-107 | Back to browse issues page

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Sattarnezhad S. Azarshahr Qadamgah Islamic shrine or Parthian shrine?. Athar. 2020; 41 (1) :92-107
URL: http://athar.richt.ir/article-2-574-en.html
Ph.D. Student Archaeology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , saeidsattarnejad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2178 Views)
After the discovery of Iranian rock shrines in recent decades, the nature of these works has always been debated. Very faint and vague traces from the era of the emergence of these surviving works, the possibility of accurate and absolute chronology and absolute use for researchers and enthusiasts of difficult rock works. On the other hand, the rocky and cave nature of these neighborhoods has led most scholars to attribute it to the cult of Mehr; However, no evidence of the seal of worship has been discovered or identified in these sacred spaces. Rock shrines are among the valuable works of Iranian architecture that the nature of use and chronology of these works has always been discussed. In this research, Qadmagah shrine in Azarshahr city has been studied by comparative and historical studies-analysis method and seeks to answer the following questions: 1. What is the relative chronology of Qadamgah based on archeological and architectural evidence? 2. What was the functional nature of this handicraft space? This research seeks to provide a more acceptable history and function for this shrine through a comparative study and review of some details, while examining and recognizing this sacred space. According to this research, according to the available evidence, this handicraft space is a rock shrine (monastery) related to the Islamic Middle Ages. Accordingly, attributing this area to the ritual of love has been far from the mind. Finally, although the chronology of other rock shrines requires independent research, perhaps the dating and relative use of the Azarshahr Qadamgah rock shrine may pave the way for other similar handicrafts.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2020/11/24 | Accepted: 2021/01/29 | Published: 2021/02/3

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