Volume 40, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   Athar 2019, 40(1): 17-35 | Back to browse issues page

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Barsam M, Faryabi Y. Investigation of Architecture and Decorations of Mir Haidar Monument in Esfandagheh, Jiroft County, Kerman Province, Iran. Athar 2019; 40 (1) :17-35
URL: http://athar.richt.ir/article-2-372-en.html
1- PhD Candidate in Archaeology, Department of Archeology, Faculty of Conservation and Restoration, Isfahan University of Arts, Isfahan, Iran , m.barsam92@gmail.com
2- Graduate of Art Research, Faculty of Arts, Sistan and Baluchestan University
Abstract:   (2800 Views)
Shrines are important in architecture and Iran culture in Islamic era. These buildings have different names based on the shape and function. The most important of these names include tower, cupola, monument, shrine, Imam shrine, Step, tombstone, tombs, burial, mourning and similar terms refer to a building that is placed on a grave. In the past, for graves, terms such as “Nahoft” (cache), “goorgah” and “goorjay” (both meaning place of grave) were also used, which was and indoor place with the grave placed inside it. Monument of Mir Heidar Esfandagheh is one of these places that is made on Mir Heidar’s grave, one of the mystics and elders of the tribe Mehni and of Abu Said Abolkheir descendants. The building is in the village of Dolatabad Esfandagheh from Jiroft city district and it belongs to the Safavid period. From inside the building map is crossover which in the top becomes eight sides and eight arcades and then round dome built on it. The tomb has bed decorations, geometric and arabesque with the Shah Abbas painting. The main question is, what are the architectural and decorative elements of the grave, and are similar to which buildings in terms of     spatial structure and plan? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the architectural structure, decorative and artistic elements of the graveyard. The results showed that this building in terms of plan is similar to the monumental monuments such as the tomb of Mulla Hassan Kashi and Akhund Kouhbanani, Farfan Isfahan, Nask and Keshit of Golbaf. This paper studied the art and structure of Mir Heidar tomb. To achieve this goal, the architecture and details of this tomb were identified, introduced and analyzed. Data collection was performed in the field and library and data analysis was conducted based on inductive reasoning.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2018/09/13 | Accepted: 2019/03/1 | Published: 2019/03/30

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