Volume 40, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   Athar 2019, 40(4): 248-264 | Back to browse issues page

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Zokaei M S, Khanmohmmadi A. Signs of Art Immigration in Tehran’s Civic art During the Pahlavi Period: A Case Study of Caucasian Refugee Architects and Sculptors. Athar. 2019; 40 (4) :248-264
URL: http://athar.richt.ir/article-2-130-en.html
1- Professor, Department of Cultural Studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Master Student, Department of Cultural Studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran , ali1992khanmohammadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1844 Views)

Tehran, as the capital, symbolizes the memory policy of the Pahlavi era. Tehran's urban memory itself reflects all the struggles and conflicts of the identity syndrome. These conflicts have existed even among the leading architects and sculptors of that era. But the Caucasian refugees architects and sculptors found unprecedented opportunities in the Pahlavi era to create civic art. These artists were previously acquainted with modern western design for their stay in the Tsarist and Ottoman Empire, and many of them were educated in Europe. With this cultural background, these artists were not accepted by traditional artists, and on the other hand the pressure of modernization was a threat and an opportunity for them at the same time. Armenian architects took the pioneering the movement of architectural modernism by building public buildings, and Azeri sculptors returned to the art of the Achaemenid and Sassanid arts by making urban sculptures. Tehran combination of visual symbols of urban memory of Armenians, Assyrians, Modern and Persia. In this article, fifteen works (including buildings and statues) of the Pahlavi period were studied by the method of semiotics of visual symbols. The Pahlavi memory policy has left a combination of Armenian and Azeri identity memory with archaism in urban memory. This combination has many Christian and Armenian symbols that are a cultural heritage and an example of Iranian modernity in art. It is hoped that such research will lead to a serious review of policies for the conservation and reconstruction of heritage district.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cultural property
Received: 2020/04/28 | Accepted: 2020/06/30 | Published: 2020/08/31

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