Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   Archeology 2019, 3(4): 125-132 | Back to browse issues page

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Amiri S, Mashkour M, Mohaseb A, Tengberg M, Abdolahi M, Sardari Zarchi A. The Subsistence Economy of Qela Gap; Lurestan, Iran: From the Late Neolithic to the Iron Age. Archeology. 2019; 3 (4) :125-132
URL: http://journal.richt.ir/index.php?sid=10/article-10-295-en.html
1- University of Tehran
2- UMR 7209 CNRS/ National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France
3- Department of Archaeology, Islamic Azad University, Dezful, Iran
4- Iranian Centre for Archaeological Research
Abstract:   (217 Views)
Tepe Qela Gap (also known as Ghala Gap ) in Azna: Lurestan, was excavated in 2009 aiming to establish the chronological sequence for the Azna Plain located eastern of Central Zagros, which had been scarcely  studied archaeologically until now. Considering the ecological diversity surrounding the plain, Tepe Qela Gap seems to have been an ideal place for the settlement of permanent villages but could also be suitable for nomadic and semi-nomadic people. The archaeozoological study of a large faunal assemblage, approximately 6500 items from this site, has provided evidence on the evolution of the subsistence economy of the site during various periods of occupation. The faunal spectra of Qela Gap from different periods, indicates that domesticated sheep/goat and cattle were the major source of animal resources. Among these domesticates it should be noted that cattle ratios are important and together with evidences of kill off patterns and osteological pathologies, we can hypothesise that these animals were used not only for food but also as draught animals, most probably, used for agricultural activities. This is a feature especially visible during the Bronze Age. The wild species, although not abundant (6%), were also part of the subsistence economy. Remains of wild sheep (Ovis orientalis), red deer (Cervus elaphus) or persian fallow deer (Dama mesopotamica), boar (Sus scrofa) and gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) have been found and indicate that different ecosystems were exploited. Another important feature of the Qela Gap fauna is the discovery of a horse (Equus caballus) bone within the Neolithic Levels. In parallel to the archaeozoological analysis, the archaeobotanical studies are on-going and will provide a more complete picture of the subsistence economy of the site during the 5000 years of occupation.

 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cultural property
Received: 2020/07/4 | Accepted: 2019/07/1 | Published: 2019/07/1

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