Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2019)                   Archeology 2019, 3(4): 23-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Askari Chaverdi A, Djamali M. Sasanian Palaces of Persis According to the Absolute Chronology: Qal‘a-ye Doxtar and Palace of Ardašīr I (Ātaškada) at Firūzābād, and the so-called Palace of Sarvestān, Iran. Archeology. 2019; 3 (4) :23-32
URL: http://journal.richt.ir/article-10-289-en.html
1- Department of History, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2- Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d’Ecologie (UMR 7263 CNRS - Aix-Marseille Université - IRD 237 - Université d’Avignon), Aix-en-Provence, France
Abstract:   (204 Views)
There are a number of palaces and other monuments in southern, western, and north eastern Iran, as well as in modern Iraq, Azerbaijan, and to some extent Syria and Jordan which display architectural features recalling those of the monuments of Qal‘a-ye Doxtar and of the Palace of Ardašīr I (so-called Ātaškada) near Firūzābād (Fars), considered to belong to the early Sasanian period, as well as of the complex located in Sarvestān (Fars), dated to the Early Islamic period. The construction date of the first two monuments and of the Sarvestān complex have so far been proposed on the basis of archaeological, architectural and historical elements, which allow only a tentative relative chronology. Here, an absolute chronology based on radiocarbon datings of wood samples from the buildings is presented to shed more light on their construction dates. The obtained ages suggest that the construction of the Firūzābād palatial monuments was accomplished during the reign of Ardašīr I (224-240 CE) and the beginning of the reign of Šābuhr I (240-270 CE) with a probability that the Palace of Ardašīr I was finished after the Qal‘a-ye Doxtar. This fact is in accordance with other archeological and historical documents that suggest that the second palace was built after the establishment of the political stability at the beginning of the Empire. The absolute datings, however, revealed a complex timing for construction and use of the Sarvestān complex dating to post-Sasanian period and put an end on the ambiguous discussions about the chronology of this monument.

 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cultural property
Received: 2020/07/4 | Accepted: 2019/07/1 | Published: 2019/07/1

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